Oebalus was a king of Sparta who was the son of Cynortas or his son Perieres and who married Gorgophone. She (or maybe Batia) bore him Tyndareüs, Hippocoön and Icarius. It is difficult to suggest an obvious meaning for his name.

Robert Graves, game as ever, offers (admittedly tentatively) oebalia, 'speckled sheepskin' (from ois, 'sheep' and balios, 'spotted') or oecobalus, 'threshold of the house' (from oicos, 'house' and balos, Doric Greek for belos, 'threshold'). The latter seems more generally acceptable.